Disinfectant preparations and protective materials

Disinfection (or decontamination) is a process aimed at destroying microorganisms, as well as their spores. Disinfection leads to the destruction of vegetative forms of microorganisms, but does not always lead to the removal of their spore forms. The material subjected to the disinfection processor does not have to be sterile. Disinfection, in contrast to the concept of antisepsis, applies to objects and usable surfaces. Disinfection results in processes of annihilation of microorganisms. This process depends on the species, the number of microorganisms and their physiological activity. The disinfectant also has a huge impact on these processes. Its chemical and physical properties, concentration and duration of action in the given environment (temperature, humidity, pH, presence of organic matter). In general, we can say that disinfection is the resultant of the action of processes from the range of physical, chemical, and thermal-chemical methods. Physical agents used for disinfection, such as the use of controlled UV radiation, are an equally effective method of disinfection. For disinfection, lamps that emit UV C radiation with a wavelength of 256 nm are used to destroy microorganisms in the air and on uncovered surfaces. Some of the lamps have a built-in flow system, which means that the disinfection of the air in which the lamp is placed is carried out on an ongoing basis, and thus the process of elimination of microorganisms is permanent.